Cardiovascular diseases and community mental health


Topuz İ., Topuz A.

Cardiac and Cardiovascular Research, vol.4, no.1, pp.1-16, 2023 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)

Abstract

ABSTRACT

Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are cited as the deadliest of illnesses. Their incidence and prevalence around the world are steadily rising. CVDs are the cause of approximately one-third of all deaths in the world. It has been stated in empirical studies over the years that poor socioeconomic status, the lack of social support, stress at work and in the family, depression, and psychosocial risk factors such as anxiety and feelings of hostility aggravate the risk of developing coronary heart disease and also worsen the clinical course and prognosis. Additionally, psychobiological, and behavioral mechanisms have been identified in this context. Psychosocial risk factors should be identified in clinical practice and medical results shared with individuals with CVDs, who should also be screened for anxiety, stress, and stress management, as well as for symptoms of depression. Individuals at risk or who are diagnosed as displaying symptoms of anxiety and depression should be referred to psychiatric professionals to ensure that they receive assistance. Cardiac rehabilitation may involve psychosocial interventions that include cognitive behavioral therapy, problem-solving therapy, and stress management programs, applied on their own or together with other interventions. The aim of this review article is to examine CVDs and community mental health, determine which applications may be adopted as standard practice in this context, and raise awareness about this topic among the public and especially among health professionals.

Keywords: cardiovascular diseases; community mental health; community mental health nursing; nursing