V. INTERNATIONAL "BAŞKENT" CONGRESS ON PHYSICAL, SOCIAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES, Ankara, Turkey, 11 - 12 June 2022, pp.186-190
Infantile colic is a common and self-resolving condition in infants. Infantile colic, in infancy, has an enigmatic and disturbing character and is characterized by excessive crying. This study is a literature review study. The aim of the study is to explain the effectiveness, safety and importance of non-phar- macological methods used in the treatment of infantile colic. Infantile colic, first described by Wessel et al. in 1954, occurs in the second or third week of life, peaks around 6 weeks and usually resolves at 12 weeks, presents as seizures, clenching fists, hardening of the abdomen, gas, pulling the legs to the abdomen, difficult to stop. and a syndrome characterized by excessive crying. The diagnosis is made by assesing according to the Rome IV criteria. This syndrome, the cause of which is not known exactly and there is no definite cure, has directed parents and health professionals to complementary and alter- native medicine. When the literature was reviewed, it was seen that non-pharmacological methods such as acupuncture, massage, chiropractic, reflexology, kangaroo care, aromatherapy were harmless and reduced colic symptoms. These findings show that non-pharmacological applications are methods that can be used in reducing and eliminating infantile colic symptoms. In this context, it is recommended that midwives teach these methods to parents with babies suffering from colic and encourage their use.
Keywords: Infant, infantile colic, non-pharmacological methods