Evaluation of clinical features and the factors related to nutrition in home care patients with pressure ulcer


Çetiner M. , Arı S. A. , Eşkut N., Ocak Ö., Canbaz Kabay S. , Özışık Karaman H. I.

Family Practice and Palliative Care, vol.6, no.1, pp.7-12, 2021 (Journal Indexed in ESCI)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 6 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.22391/fppc.776139
  • Title of Journal : Family Practice and Palliative Care
  • Page Numbers: pp.7-12

Abstract

Abstract Introduction: In this study, we aimed to determine the demographic and clinical characteristics of patients with pressure ulcers who received home health care in Kutahya city and to investigate the relationship between the factors related to nutrition and pressure ulcer grades. Methods: This study is designed as a retrospective and cross-sectional. The files of 500 patients who were registered at home health services unit of Kutahya Health Sciences University Training and Research Hospital between December 2016 and May 2017 were reviewed retrospectively. Of these, sixty-three patients with pressure ulcers were included in the study. Results: In this study, 26 (41.3%) were male and 37 (58.7%) were female. The mean age of the patients with pressure ulcers was 74.41 ± 12.30 (years). 36 patients (57.1%) had cerebrovascular disease, 5 patients (7.9%) had dementia, 9 patients (14.3%) had malignancy, 8 patients (12.7%) had osteoarthritis, 4 patients 6.3%) had peripheral vascular disease, and 1 patient (1.6%) had previous traffic accident. The majority (62.1%) were neurological disease-sequenced and nursing-care group. When all the patients were examined, the region with the most pressure was the sacrum (35.3%). Hemoglobin level was found to be related to pressure ulcer grade (One-way ANOVA, p = 0.019). There was no significant relationship between other nutrition-related parameters and pressure ulcer stage. Conclusion: Patients with cerebrovascular disease constitute a significant proportion of patients receiving home care services. Low hemoglobin increases the severity of the pressure ulcer. Therefore, determining risk factors that contribute to pressure ulcer formation and efforts to prevent them should be the primary target of the home health care unit. Keywords: Pressure ulcer, home care services, nutritional status