Hypercalcemia in IgG4-related disease: coincidental or associated? Case based review


ÜSKÜDAR CANSU D., CANSU G. B. , YILDIRIM R., Dinler M., TEKİN E., AK SİVRİKOZ İ., ...More

Rheumatology International, 2022 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00296-021-05076-y
  • Title of Journal : Rheumatology International
  • Keywords: Hypercalcemia, Hyperparathyroidism, IgG4-related disease, Parathyroid adenoma

Abstract

© 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.Immunoglobulin (Ig) G4-related disease (IgG4RD) is a chronic autoimmune disorder characterized by dense lymphoplasmacytic infiltrations and fibrosis of storiform pattern. The most typical manifestations include major salivary or lacrimal gland involvement, autoimmune pancreatitis, and retroperitoneal fibrosis. While the increase in IgG4 is the typical feature of the disease, hypercalcemia has been rarely reported in IgG4RD so far, only one of these cases has been shown parathyroid gland involvement (isolated involvement). In this study, we present a 43-year-old female patient with weight loss, pancreatic mass, lymphadenopathy, nodular lesion in the lung, hypercalcemia, and also increased level of serum IgG4. Histopathological investigation following parathyroidectomy revealed a dense lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate with an IgG4 to IgG ratio of > 50% in the fat tissue surrounding the parathyroid gland, particularly at the perivascular areas. This is the first systemic IgG4RD case in combination with hypercalcemia in the literature who was detected to have parathyroid adenoma. Our aim in this review is to emphasize that, although rarely, IgG4RD may be accompanied by hypercalcemia and parathyroid gland may be one of its target sites.