Gender perception as the driving force for violence against women in Türkiye

Gezgin Yazıcı H., Akhan L. U.

Türkiye Halk Sağlığı Dergisi, vol.22, no.1, pp.1-12, 2024 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 22 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.20518/tjph.1158793
  • Journal Name: Türkiye Halk Sağlığı Dergisi
  • Journal Indexes: TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-12
  • Kütahya Health Sciences University Affiliated: Yes


Objective: The purpose of this study is to determine relationship the gender perception with attitudes toward violence against women in Türkiye.
Methods: This descriptive study was conducted online with 795 individuals from Türkiye between 08.02.2022 – 14.04.2022. The data was collected with the “Sociodemographic Descriptive Information Form,” “Perception of Gender Scale,” and “ISKEBE Violence Against Women Attitude Scale,” created using Google Forms. For the data analysis, the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences(SPSS) version 22 was used. In addition to descriptive statistics such as frequency, mean and standard deviation, t-test, one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and post hoc (Tukey, LSD) tests, and linear regression were used for analysing the data.
Results: The average age of the respondents was 30.0±11.4. It was detected that 70.4% (n=560) of the respondents are female, 62.4% (n=496) are single, 75.7% (n=602) have a middle income. The participants’ average point on the Perception of Gender Scale was 104.7±17.1; and the average point on the Violence Against Women Attitude Scale was 49.3±22.2. The total change in the level of the total score of the attitude toward violence against women is explained by the sum of gender perception at a rate of 37.8% (R2=0.378).
Conclusion: Many social and cultural characteristics of participants are associated with both the perception of gender and violence against women, despite there not being a reasonable correlation between the perception of gender and violence against women.