LOGOPEDICS PHONIATRICS VOCOLOGY, vol.47, no.4, pp.262-270, 2022 (SCI-Expanded)
Objective: In this case report, we aimed to examine the effects of an intensive voice treatment (the Lee Silverman Voice Treatment [LSVTLOUD]) for Wilson's disease (WD), and adult cerebral palsy (CP), and dysarthria. Method: The participants received LSVTLOUD four times a week for 4 weeks. Acoustic, perceptual (GRBAS) analyses were performed and data from the Voice Handicap Index (VHI) were obtained before and after treatment. Results: Besides the Harmonics-to Noise Ratio (HNR) value (dB) of the participant with WD, for both participants' fundamental frequencies (Hz), jitter (%), and shimmer (%) values showed significant differences (p < .05) after therapy. Both participants showed significant improvements (p < .05) in the duration (s) and the sound pressure level (dB, SPL) of sustained vowel phonation (/a/), in SPL (dB) of pitch range (high and low /a/) and reading and conversation (p < .01). There was a positive improvement in the high-frequency values (Hz) of both participants but not in the low-frequency values (Hz) in the participant with WD. Perceptual analysis with GRBAS judgements of sustained vowel (/a/) and paragraph reading of two participants also showed improvement. After therapy, perceived loudness of the participants' voice increased. Conclusions: The findings provide some preliminary observations that the individuals with WD and the adult individuals with CP can respond positively to intensive speech treatment such as LSVTLOUD. Further studies are needed to investigate speech treatments specific to WD and adult CP.