The growth hormone receptor polymorphism in patients with acromegaly: relationship to BMI and glucose metabolism

Turgut S., Akin F., Ayada C., Topsakal S., Yerlikaya E., Turgut G.

PITUITARY, vol.15, no.3, pp.374-379, 2012 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 15 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11102-011-0329-9
  • Journal Name: PITUITARY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.374-379
  • Kütahya Health Sciences University Affiliated: No


The aim of this study was to investigate association between the frequencies of Growth Hormone receptor (d3GHR) gene polymorphisms and some clinical parameters of acromegalic patients. Total of 35 acromegalic patients were enrolled to study. The d3GHR polymorphism was identified by using polymerase chain reaction from peripheral blood samples. The levels of systolic and diastolic blood pressure, BMI, fasting plasma glucose (FPG), Fasting insulin, HOMA-IR, IGF-I, GH, IGFBP3, triglyceride, HDL and LDL cholesterol concentrations were evaluated. The frequencies of d3GHR genotypes were found as follows; 5 (14.3%) subjects had d3/d3, 11 (31.4%) had d3/fl and 19 (54.3%) had fl/fl in patients. The prevalence of the d3 and fl alleles was 30 and 70%, respectively. Systolic blood pressure, fasting insulin and HOMA-IR was found significantly increased in homozygote d3GHR genotype group compared to d3/fl subjects (P < 0.05). In addition, BMI was observed significantly different among three genotypes (P = 0.007) and in the subjects with d3/d3 genotype, BMI was found significantly higher than d3/fl and fl/fl genotypes groups. As well as, no significant difference was found between the d3 and fl alleles group in terms of the clinical parameters except for BMI (P = 0.002). It can be said that the d3GHR gene polymorphism may affect BMI, systolic blood pressure and insulin regulation. At the same time we can say homozygote d3GHR genotype and d3 allele carriers may have more risk than other genotypes for high BMI.