© 2021 Elsevier Inc.Background: Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men. A Notch signaling pathway is an important pathway in cell proliferation, differentiation, and fate. However, currently, the effects of abiraterone based-anti-androgene therapy and docetaxel, the most commonly used standard chemotherapy in prostate cancer treatment, on Notch signaling pathway are unknown. This study aimed to investigate the effects of abiraterone acetate and docetaxel on the expression of Notch1, Jagged1 and Hes1 in prostate cancer cell lines. Methods: In vitro effects of abiraterone acetate and docetaxel were examined on Notch1, Jagged1, and Hes1 expression in LNCaP and PC3 PCa cell lines by immunofluorescence, Western blot, and qRT-PCR. MTT proliferation assay was used to evaluate cell proliferation and survival. Results: We found that in the treatment of PC3 cells with abiraterone acetate, docetaxel, and their combination, only mRNA expressions of Notch1, Jagged1 and Hes1 were affected compared to control, but these expression differences were not observed in protein expression. In LNCaP cells, abiraterone acetate and the combination groups reduced Notch1 protein expression. All treatment groups did not alter Jagged1 expression compared to control, but significantly increased the Hes1 gene and protein expression. Conclusion: Our findings suggest that abiraterone and docetaxel treatments affects the expression of Notch signal pathway proteins. But these drugs especially cause significant upregulation in Hes1 expression in PCa cells. Therefore, co-application of Notch signaling inhibitors together with docetaxel and abiraterone chemotherapy, it was thought that decreased Hes1 expression could be stopped the deterioration of the prognosis of the patient.