Investigation of reason and destruction rate of blood and blood components in Selcuk University Medical Faculty Hospital between 2010-2019


Akar G., Çiftçi N., Arslan U., Türk Dağı H.

XIII. Ulusal I. Uluslararası Kan Merkezleri Transfüzyon Tıbbı Kongresi, Antalya, Turkey, 8 - 12 March 2020, pp.2-4

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Summary Text
  • City: Antalya
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.2-4
  • Kütahya Health Sciences University Affiliated: No

Abstract

Investigation of reason and destruction rate of blood and blood components in Selcuk University Medical Faculty Hospital between 2010-2019

Gul SAGIR1, Nurullah CIFTCI2, Masma SHAHBAZOVA2, Hatice TURK DAGi2, Ugur ARSLAN 1,2

1. Selcuk University, Medical Faculty, Transfusion Center, Konya/Turkey

2. Selcuk University, Medical Faculty, Medical Microbiology Department, Konya/Turkey

Introduction and Aim: Blood transfusion is one of the most important complement of health therapies. Transfusion centers are responsible for stocking a sufficient number of blood and blood components according to hospital needs. In addition, these centers are responsible for the efficient use of blood and blood components. In this study, we aimed to investigate the rates and causes of destruction of blood and blood components obtained in our institution for 10 years period and the effectiveness of the studies aimed to prevent causes of destruction.

Methodology: Between January 2010 and December 2019, complete blood (CB), erythrocyte suspension (ES) and fresh frozen plasma (FFP) destruction rates and causes of destruction (recorded by Selcuk University Medical Faculty Transfusion Center) were evaluated retrospectively. Our center has been serving as a Transfusion Center since January 2013.

Results: The rate of blood and blood components destructed during 10-year period are shown in Table 1. The highest rate of destruction were detected 19.8% (730) in 2010. Blood usage rates have increased year by year. The lowest destruction rate were detected with 1.2% in 2019. The highest reason of destruction rate (49.8%) were evaluated as expiration date of blood and blood components.

Conclusions: Our blood products distruction rate has decreased compared to previous years. In our hospital, Solution-oriented decisions were taken by the Transfusion Control Committee and Hemovigilance Unit. After the decisions, our blood destruction rate decreased by 18.5% and reached 1.2% in a decade. This result showed us that the trainings given about the conditions under which the blood products will be kept and the safe transfusion, the correct use of blood, the right blood component selection with the right indication effected positively our destruction rate. Therefore the training and precautions should be continued.

Keywords: Blood components, Blood destruction, Reason of destructions