Investigation of the predictive value of systemic immune inflammation index (SII) and prognostic nutritional index (PNI) on mortality in patients with endoprosthesis after hip fracture


Yilmaz S., Kurt M., Dülgeroğlu T. C.

Medicine, vol.103, no.18, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 103 Issue: 18
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1097/md.0000000000038063
  • Journal Name: Medicine
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, CINAHL, Veterinary Science Database, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Kütahya Health Sciences University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

In this research, we aimed to investigate the predictive value of the systemic immune inflammation index and prognostic nutritional index on mortality among patients with an endoprosthesis after a hip fracture. In this retrospective, cross-sectional study, a total of 915 patient files applied to our hospital between 2020 and 2023 with an endoprosthesis after a hip fracture were subjected to the study. The patients were divided into 2 groups: alive (n = 396; 43.3%) and deceased (n = 519; 56.7%). The eosinophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, hemoglobin-to-red cell distribution width ratio (HRR), mean platelet volume-to-platelet ratio (MPVPR), neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, monocyte/lymphocyte ratio, platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio, MPV-to-lymphocyte ratio, monocyte-to-eosinophil ratio (MER), neutrophile-to-monocyte ratio, systemic inflammation index (SII), and prognostic nutritional index (PNI) parameters of the patients were evaluated. The mortality rate was higher among male patients, with a statistically significant difference (P < .05). The follow-up duration, albumin, HGB, eosinophil, lymphocyte, eosinophil %, eosinophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, HRR, and PNI means were significantly higher in the living group (P < .05). Age, MPV, MPVPR, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, monocyte/lymphocyte ratio, platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio, MPV-to-lymphocyte ratio, MER, and systemic inflammation index were significantly higher in the deceased group (P < .05). The predictive value of gender (B = -0.362; P < .01), age (B = 0.036; P < .01), HRR (B = -1.100; P < .01), MPVPR (B = 8.209; P < .01), MER (B = 0.006; P < .01), and PNI (B = -0.078; P < .01) were statistically significant at the multivariate level. The time of death was significantly predicted by gender (B = 0.10; P < .05), age (B = -0.02; P < 0 = 1), HRR (B = 0.61; P < .01), MPVPR (r = -4.16; P < .01), MER (B = -0.01; P < .05), and PNI (B = 0.03; P < .01). The predictive value of PNI for the 30-day mortality rate was statistically significant (AUC: 0.643; P < .01). For a PNI cutoff value of 34.475, sensitivity was 69.7%, and specificity was 51.1%. The PNI has predictive value both in estimating overall mortality and in predicting the 30-day mortality rates among patients undergoing endoprosthesis after a hip fracture.