Superior Vena Cava Syndrome After Creation of Arteriovenous Fistula

Akgül E.

The European Research Journal, vol.1, no.1, pp.1-5, 2017 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 1 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.18621/eurj.315130
  • Journal Name: The European Research Journal
  • Journal Indexes: TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-5
  • Kütahya Health Sciences University Affiliated: Yes


Patients with end-stage renal disease require vascular access for hemodialysis. Repeated insertions and longterm
duration of permanent central venous catheters may cause venous stenosis and thrombosis in central veins,
which may result in superior vena cava syndrome. A 38-year-old male patient with end-stage renal disease was
admitted with complaint of dyspnea, edema of the face, neck and bilateral upper extremities. We had created
a radiocephalic arteriovenous fistula at the level of left wrist two weeks ago, he had a permanent catheter in
the right internal jugular vein for 2 months. The Doppler ultrasound and venographic examinations of central
veins showed that the permanent catheter in the right internal jugular vein had caused the edema of the neck,
face and bilateral upper extremities by narrowing the superior vena cava. The catheter was removed and the
patient was anticoagulated. The patient's symptoms of shortness of breath were alleviated on hospital discharge
and the swelling of the upper extremities diminished after one week. The hemodialysis patients should be
directed to arteriovenous fistula surgery instead of central venous catheterization as soon as possible to avoid
superior vena cava syndrome due to central venous catheters.