Dexmedetomidine’s Effects on the Livers and Kidneys of Rats with Pancreatic Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury


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BOSTANCI H., EREL S., KÜÇÜK A., KİP G., Sezen Ş. C., Gokgoz S., ...More

Drug Design, Development and Therapy, vol.18, pp.1785-1797, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 18
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.2147/dddt.s441773
  • Journal Name: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, BIOSIS, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Page Numbers: pp.1785-1797
  • Keywords: dexmedetomidine, ischemia-reperfusion, kidney, liver, pancreas
  • Kütahya Health Sciences University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Objective: Pancreatic surgeries inherently cause ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury, affecting not only the pancreas but also distant organs. This study was conducted to explore the potential use of dexmedetomidine, a sedative with antiapoptotic, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant properties, in mitigating the impacts of pancreatic IR on kidney and liver tissues. Methods: A total of 24 rats were randomly divided into four groups: control (C), dexmedetomidine (D), ischemia reperfusion (IR), and dexmedetomidine ischemia reperfusion (D-IR). Pancreatic ischemia was induced in the IR and D-IR groups. Dexmedetomidine was administered intraperitoneally to the D and D-IR groups. Liver and kidney tissue samples were subjected to microscopic examinations after hematoxylin and eosin staining. The levels of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), aryllesterase (AES), catalase (CAT), and glutathione S-transferase (GST) enzyme activity were assessed in liver and kidney tissues. The serum levels of aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), and creatinine were measured. Results: A comparison of the groups revealed that the IR group exhibited significantly elevated TBARS (p < 0.0001), AES (p = 0.004), and CAT enzyme activity (p < 0.0001) levels in the liver and kidney compared to groups C and D. Group D-IR demonstrated notably reduced histopathological damage (p < 0.05) and low TBARS (p < 0.0001), AES (p = 0.004), and CAT enzyme activity (p < 0.0001) in the liver and kidney as well as low AST and ALT activity levels (p < 0.0001) in the serum compared to the IR group. Conclusion: The preemptive administration of dexmedetomidine before pancreatic IR provides significant protection to kidney and liver tissues, as evidenced by the histopathological and biochemical parameters in this study. The findings underscored the potential therapeutic role of dexmedetomidine in mitigating the multiorgan damage associated with pancreatic surgeries.