In this retrospective study, our aim was to introduce an industrial synthetic material that can be used as a seton and then to present the results of complicated anal fistula cases treated with this different sort of seton. Between 1997 and 2005, 32 patients (aged 27-63 years) with a high anal or rectal internal opening were treated with a cutting seton. In the postoperative period none of the patients had recurrence or solid stool incontinence. However, three of them had just flatus incontinence, and two had flatus and liquid stool incontinence. The new material we used as a new type of seton can be used efficiently; it can be inserted easily, is cheap and effective, and may give better therapeutic results and better patient satisfaction. © 2007 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.