The aim of the present study was to evaluate the protective effects of the NF-(DB)-B-0 inhibition with pyrrolidine-dithiocarbamate (PDTC) in ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury in the rat bladder. Twenty-four Sprague-Dawley male rats were divided into three groups. Group I; (n = 8) control, group II; (n = 8) I/R group; group III (n = 8) I/R and PDTC treatment. Superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), and gluatathione-S-transferase (GST) enzymes was studied in bladder tissue. Lipid peroxidation (as TBARS) levels in tissue homogenate were measured with thiobarbituric acid reaction. All the slides were stained with NF-(DB)-B-0, p53 and HSP60 immunohistochemistry for detection genome destruction and tissue stress, respectively. Our results show that the mean TBARS levels were significantly higher in group II (p < 0.05). The TBARS levels were significantly decreased in group III compared with the group II (p < 0.05). CAT, SOD and GST activities were decreased in group II, but these enzymes levels were significantly increased in group III according to the group II (p < 0.05). Under microscopic evaluation NF-(DB)-B-0 expression increased significantly in group II compared to the group I (p < 0.05) and then decreased in group III (p < 0.05). HSP60 and p53 expression in group II was increased significantly compared with group I. Under microscopic evaluation we detected that HSP60 and p53 expression was increased significantly in group II compared with group I. In group III PDTC administration was decreased the HSP60 and p53 expression, this difference was statistically significant (p < 0.05). The results of the present study have demonstrated that NF-(DB)-B-0 inhibition with PDTC protects and provides beneficial effects on ischemia/reperfusion stress related bladder tissue destruction.