INVESTİGATİON OF THE EFFECTS OF PERCEİVED STRESS ON ANTENATAL CARE BEHAVİORS AND THE LABOR PROCESS DURİNG THE COVID-19 PANDEMİC


GÜN KAKAŞÇI Ç., DURMAZ A.

TMR Nursing Communications, vol.7, pp.1-7, 2023 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study was to examine of the effects of perceived stress on

antenatal care behaviors and the labor process during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods:

This study was conducted with a descriptive design. The data were collected using an

“Introductory Information Form” and the “Antenatal Perceived Stress Inventory”.

Descriptive statistics were analyzed using Kruskal-Wallis, Mann-Whitney U, and

multinomial logistic regression tests. Results: The sample of the study included 487 women.

The mean total Antenatal Perceived Stress Inventory score of the participants was found as

2.30 ± 0.80. The mean medical and obstetric risks/fetal health, psychosocial changes

during pregnancy, and prospect of childbirth subscale scores of the participants were

determined to be 2.29 ± 1.08, 2.26 ± 0.87, and 2.34 ± 0.86, respectively. It was

determined that as the antenatal perceived stress levels of the participants who frequently

attended physical examinations increased, they became 1.535 times more likely to perceive

the care they received to be adequate (Odds ratio (OR): 1.535; 1.045–2.254 Confidence

interval (CI); P = 0.029). It was found that as the antenatal perceived stress levels of the

participants whose clinical tests were frequently analyzed increased, they were 1.518 times

more likely to perceive the care they received to be adequate (OR: 1.518; 1.080–2.135 CI; P

= 0.016). Moreover, as the antenatal perceived stress levels of the participants who

frequently underwent fetal health follow-ups increased, they were 1.573 more likely to

perceive the care they received to be adequate (OR: 1.573; 1.042–2.375 CI; P = 0.031).

Conclusion: It was concluded that as the antenatal perceived stress levels of the women

who frequently underwent physical examinations, clinical test analyses, and fetal health

follow-ups increases, they were more likely to consider that they received adequate care.

Keywords: childbirth; COVID-19; antenatal care; stress