This study was conducted in Turkish osteoarthritis patients to determine the frequency of I/D polymorphism genotypes of angiotensin converting enzyme gene, and to examine the role of this polymorphism in osteoarthritis development. Genomic DNA obtained from 200 persons (135 patients with osteoarthritis and 65 healthy controls) was used in the study. DNA was multiplied by polymerase chain reaction using I and D allele-specific primers. Polymerase chain reaction products were assessed with CCD camera by being exposed to 2% agarose gel electrophoresis. There was statistically significant difference between the groups with respect to genotype distribution (P < 0.001). The D allele frequency was indicated as 69% and I allele was as 31% in the patients, whereas it was 55-45% in the control group. Consequently, in this study, we may assert that ACE gene I/D polymorphism DD genotype determination is significant criteria for identifying patients who are likely to develop osteoarthritis in east population of Turkey.