Un-methylation of the survivin gene has no effect on immunohistochemical expression of survivin protein in lung cancer patients with squamous cell carcinoma


Yalçın Ö.

BRATISLAVSKE LEKARSKE LISTY, no.118 (3), pp.160-163, 2017 (SCI-Expanded)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Journal Name: BRATISLAVSKE LEKARSKE LISTY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.160-163
  • Kütahya Health Sciences University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Survivin is a member of the inhibitor of apoptosis (IAP) family. The function of the survivin protein is to inhibit caspase activation, thereby leading to negative regulation of apoptosis or programmed cell death. This has been shown by the disruption of survivin induction pathways leading to an increased apoptosis and decreased tumour growth. These data suggest that survivin may provide a new target for cancer treatment, which would distinguish transformed cells from normal cells.

In the present study, we aimed to investigate exon 1 of the survivin gene by means of methylation-specifi c PCR and evaluate its impact on survivin protein expression following DNA isolation and bisulphite modification in paraffin-embedded normal and tumour tissues of lung cancer patients with squamous cell carcinoma.

We used 41 squamous cancer tissues with methylation in exon 1 of the survivin gene and non-methylation in corresponding tumours. However, the immunohistochemistry staining of these samples demonstrated an increased survivin protein compared to normal tissue. While there is almost no other study to date on this subject matter, we believe that the absence of methylation in exon 1 of the survivin gene may not affect disease prognosis as it has no effect on expression, and possible promoter methylation or transcription factors (Tab. 1, Fig. 4, Ref. 15).