The impact of nuchal cord on umbilical cord blood gas analysis and ischaemia-modified albumin levels in elective C-section

Gursoy A. Y., Ozgu B., Tasci Y., Candar T., Erkaya S., Caglar G. S.

JOURNAL OF OBSTETRICS AND GYNAECOLOGY, vol.38, no.8, pp.1099-1103, 2018 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier


This study was designed to evaluate umbilical cord ischaemia-modified albumin (IMA) levels and the cord blood gas parameters of foetuses with or without nuchal cords, at the time of elective C-section. The cross-sectional study population consisted of the patients who were admitted to the Tertiary Care Center between February and June 2015. Women with uncomplicated single term gestations between 37 and 40 completed weeks and scheduled for elective C-sections were included in the study. Fifty cases with a nuchal cord and 50 cases without a nuchal cord were recruited. Nuchal cord blood gas analysis and the IMA levels were evaluated. The IMA levels in umbilical artery of foetuses both in the study and control groups were similar (0.714 +/- 0.150 vs. 0.689 +/- 0.107 ABSU, p = .340, respectively). The umbilical artery pH values of the study group were significantly lower than that in the control group (7.31 +/- 0.04 vs. 7.32 +/- 0.03, p = .042; respectively). The results of the current study indicate that the nuchal cord has an impact on the foetal cord blood gas parameters to some extent before the initiation of labour. Fortunately, this impact does not end up with foetal tissue ischaemia, as confirmed by the IMA levels.