For the prevention of postoperative adhesion formation, one of the most common causes of infertility, none of the adjuvants had been proven uniformly effective. In this study we evaluated the effectiveness of sodium carboxymethylcellulose (SCMC) and disodium cromoglycate (DSCG) in postoperative adhesion prevention in a rat uterine horn model. Thirty female Sprague-Dawley rats were used. After uterine horn abrasion, in 10 rats 10 mi 0.9% saline, in 10 rats 10 ml of 2% SCMC, and in 10 rats 10 mi DSCG were administered intraperitoneally. Two weeks later, all animals were sacrificed and adhesion formation was assessed. All the pieces of the peritoneum biopsies were stained with Luna's mast cell stain to assess the mast cell degranulation. The mean adhesion scores were 2.1, 2.0 and 1.5 for saline, SCMC and DSCG groups respectively. There were no significant differences among all groups. In the pathologic examination, mast cell degranulation was less in the DSCG group than the other groups.