High Concentrations of Boric Acid Trigger Concentration-Dependent Oxidative Stress, Apoptotic Pathways and Morphological Alterations in DU-145 Human Prostate Cancer Cell Line


Hacioglu C., KAR F. , KAÇAR S., ŞAHİNTÜRK V., KANBAK G.

BIOLOGICAL TRACE ELEMENT RESEARCH, cilt.193, sa.2, ss.400-409, 2020 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 193 Konu: 2
  • Basım Tarihi: 2020
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1007/s12011-019-01739-x
  • Dergi Adı: BIOLOGICAL TRACE ELEMENT RESEARCH
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.400-409

Özet

Boric acid is known to regulate the proliferation of cancer cells. Prostate cancer is among the types of cancer with high mortality in men. There are a few numbers of studies investigating the effects of boric acid on prostate cancer cells. The objective of the present study was to assess the effects of boric acid at concentrations higher than that can be achieved in blood by dietary intake on DU-145 human prostate cancer cells for 24 h. Firstly, we determined the cytotoxic activity of boric acid (0 to 12.5 mM) on DU-145 human prostate cancer cells by using 3-(4, 5-dimethylthiazol, 2-yl)-2, 5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) and defined the IC50 concentration of boric acid. Then, by employing the doses found in MTT, the levels of antioxidant-oxidant molecules and apoptotic proteins were measured and morphological changes were evaluated. We have concluded that boric acid caused oxidative stress, inhibition of cell growth, apoptosis, and morphological alterations in a concentration-dependent manner in DU-145 cells. Furthermore, treatments with increasing boric acid concentrations decreased the antioxidant levels in cells. We actually revealed that boric acid, known as an antioxidant, may prevent cell proliferation by acting as an oxidant in certain doses. Although the high IC50 concentration of boric acid is perceived to be negative, we think it provides important background for subsequent studies.