Effects of long-term passive smoking on the vascular endothelial growth factor and apoptosis marker expression in the retina and choroid: an experimental study


DÜNDAR S., ÖZCURA F. , METEOĞLU İ., KARA M. E.

TURKISH JOURNAL OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, vol.42, no.3, pp.377-383, 2012 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 42 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Doi Number: 10.3906/sag-0912-457
  • Title of Journal : TURKISH JOURNAL OF MEDICAL SCIENCES
  • Page Numbers: pp.377-383

Abstract

Aim: To investigate the effects of smoking, reported as a risk factor for age related macular degeneration (ARMD), on the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression and apoptosis in the retina and choroid of rats.