Preventing oxygen free radical damage by proanthocyanidin in obstructive jaundice

Savdan M., Cakir M., Vatansev H., Kucukkartallar T., TEKİN A., Tavli S.

Turkish Journal of Surgery, vol.33, no.2, pp.62-68, 2017 (Scopus) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Abstract
  • Volume: 33 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.5152/turkjsurg.2017.3337
  • Journal Name: Turkish Journal of Surgery
  • Journal Indexes: Scopus, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.62-68
  • Keywords: Antioxidant, Jaundice, Proanthocyanidin
  • Kütahya Health Sciences University Affiliated: No


Objective: Tissue damage and endotoxemia in obstructive jaundice are attributed to the increase in oxygen freeradicals. We aimed at evaluating the possible protective effect of grape seed proanthocyanidin extract (GSPE), which is a potent exogenous free-radical scavenger and antioxidant. Material and Methods: The study was performed at the Necmettin Erbakan University Meram School of Medicine Research and Application Center for Experimental Medicine Laboratory with ethical approval. 30 Wistar-Albino rats were used and were divided into 3 groups. The common bile duct was identified and only dissected in the first group (sham). Following dissection of the common bile duct it was ligated with 4/0 silk just above the pancreas in the second group (control). After ligation of the common bile duct, 100mg/kg/day GSPE was administered via orogastric lavage for 10 days in the third group. Results: Biochemical values revealed a statistically significant difference between Group I and the others. There was no difference between Group II and III regarding biochemical values. There was a statistically significant difference, however, between Group II and III with regards to nitric oxide levels. There was a statistically significant difference between Group I and the other groups concerning hepatic and pulmonary tissue damage on histopathologic evaluation. There was no difference among the groups with regards to renal tubular damage. Conclusion: Proanthocyanidin is an effective natural antioxidant in decreasing the level of tissue damage caused by oxygen free-radicals.