A comparison between two different automated total 25-hydroxyvitamin D immunoassay methods using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry


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KOÇAK F. E. , ÖZTÜRK B., Işıklar Ö. Ö. , GENÇ Ö. , ÜNLÜ A., ALTUNTAŞ İ.

Biochemia Medica, vol.25, no.3, pp.430-438, 2015 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 25 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.11613/bm.2015.044
  • Title of Journal : Biochemia Medica
  • Page Numbers: pp.430-438
  • Keywords: 25-Hydroxyvitamin D, chromatography, immunoassay, methods, tandem mass spectrometry, VITAMIN-D ASSAYS, PERFORMANCE, ACCURACY

Abstract

© Croatian Society of Medical Biochemistry and Laboratory Medicine.Introduction: Total 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] is the most reliable indicator of vitamin D status. In this study, we compared two automated immunoassay methods, the Abbott Architect 25-OH Vitamin D assay and the Roche Cobas Vitamin D total assay, with the liquid chromatographytandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Materials and methods: One hundred venous blood samples were randomly selected from routine vitamin D tests. Two of the serum aliquots were analyzed at the Abbott Architect i2000 and the Roche Cobas 6000’s module e601 in our laboratory within the same day. The other serum aliquots were analyzed at the LC-MS/MS in different laboratory. Passing-Bablok regression analysis and Bland-Altman plot were used to compare methods. Inter-rater agreement was analyzed using kappa (κ) analysis. Results: The Roche assay showed acceptable agreement with the LC-MS/MS based on Passing-Bablok analysis (intercept: -5.23 nmol/L, 95% CI: -8.73 to 0.19; slope: 0.97, 95% CI: 0.77 to 1.15). The Abbott assay showed proportional (slope: 0.77, 95% CI: 0.67 to 0.85) and constant differences (intercept: 17.08 nmol/L; 95% CI: 12.98 to 21.39). A mean bias of 15.1% was observed for the Abbott and a mean bias of -14.1% was observed for the Roche based on the Bland-Altman plots. We found strong to nearly perfect agreement in vitamin D status between the immunoassays and LC-MS/ MS. (κ: 0.83 for Abbott, κ: 0.93 for Roche) using kappa analysis. Conclusion: Both immunoassays demonstrated acceptable performance, but the Roche Cobas assay demonstrated better performance than the Abbott Architect in the studied samples.