Synthesis of canthaxanthin from β-carotene and evaluation of both substances in diode construction

Uzun İ., Orak İ., Sevgili Ö. , Yiğit E., Karakaplan M.

Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics, vol.33, no.4, pp.1888-1898, 2022 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 33 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10854-021-07389-x
  • Title of Journal : Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics
  • Page Numbers: pp.1888-1898


© 2021, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.First, canthaxanthin was synthesized from β-carotene, and it was confirmed by its FTIR spectrum that the synthesized substance was canthaxanthin. Then, three different diodes (Al/β-carotene/n-Si, Al/canthaxanthin/n-Si, and Al/canthaxanthin/p-Si) were made using these substances for interface layer. The current–voltage curves of the diodes were determined both in the dark and under an illumination of 100 mW/cm2 at 300 K. The ideality factors, barrier heights, and series resistances of the diodes in the dark and 300 K were calculated according to Bethe’s thermionic emission (TE) theory, Norde function, and Cheung and Cheung method. Then, the effect of temperature on the current–voltage curves of the diodes was investigated. The ideality factors and barrier heights of the diodes at these temperatures were calculated only according to the TE theory. Finally, the effect of frequency on the capacitance–voltage and conductance-voltage curves of the diodes was investigated.