Biomechanical comparison using finite element analysis of different screw configurations in the fixation of femoral neck fractures


GÖK K., İNAL S.

MECHANICAL SCIENCES, cilt.6, ss.173-179, 2015 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 6 Konu: 2
  • Basım Tarihi: 2015
  • Doi Numarası: 10.5194/ms-6-173-2015
  • Dergi Adı: MECHANICAL SCIENCES
  • Sayfa Sayısı: ss.173-179

Özet

In this research, biomechanical behaviors of five different configurations of screws used for stabilization of femoral neck fracture under axial loading have been examined, and which configuration is best has been investigated. A point cloud was obtained after scanning the human femoral model with a three dimensional (3-D) scanner, and this point cloud was converted to a 3-D femoral model by Geomagic Studio software. Femoral neck fracture was modeled by SolidWorks software for five different configurations: dual parallel, triple parallel, triangle, inverted triangle and square, and computer-aided numerical analysis of different configurations were carried out by ANSYS Workbench finite element analysis (FEA) software. For each configuration, mesh process, loading status (axial), boundary conditions and material model were applied in finite element analysis software. Von Mises stress values in the upper and lower proximity of the femur and screws were calculated. According to FEA results, it was particularly advantageous to use the fixation type of triangle configuration. The lowest values are found as 223.32MPa at the lower, 63.34MPa at the upper proximity and 493.24MPa at the screws in triangle configuration. This showed that this configuration creates minimum stress at the upper and lower proximity of the fracture line. Clinically, we believe that the lowest stress values which are created by triangle configuration encompass the most advantageous method. In clinical practices, it is believed that using more than three screws does not provide any benefit. Furthermore, the highest stresses are as follows: at upper proximity 394.79MPa in triple parallel configuration, for lower proximity 651.2MPa in square configuration and for screw 2459MPa in inverted triangle.