The effect of fucoidin on kidney and lung injury in a rat infrarenal aortic ischemia-reperfusion model


Güney T., Koçman A. E., Özatik O., Akyüz F.

PERFUSION, vol.37, no.2, pp.198-207, 2022 (SCI-Expanded)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 37 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/0267659120982839
  • Journal Name: PERFUSION
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.198-207
  • Kütahya Health Sciences University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Background

The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of fucoidin on rat kidney and lung in an infraaortic ishemia reperfusion model.

Methods

Forty Wistar rats were randomly divided into five groups ( n = 8) as sham, control (IR), before ischemia (BI), before reperfusion (BR), and before ischemia and before reperfusion (BI/BR). Rats were subjected to 120 minutes ischemia followed by 120 minutes reperfusion with application of infrarenal aortic clamping. BI received intravenous fucoidin (25 mg/kg) ten minutes before establishing ischemia and BR received ten minutes before reperfusion. BI/BR group received half equal doses of fucoidin both before ischemia (12.5 mg/kg) and reperfusion (12.5 mg/kg) periods, respectively. After sacrification blood and tissue samples were obtained for biochemical (Malondialdehyde (MDA), Nitric oxide (NO), Myeloperoxidase (MPO), Catalase (CAT), Plasma Chitotriosidase (CHIT) and serum ischemia modified albumin (IMA)) and histologic examinations.

Results

MDA, NO, MPO, CAT, and IMA levels were lower in BR and BI/BR groups compared to control group ( p < 0.001). Plasma CHIT levels in BR and BI/BR groups were lower than in control group ( p < 0.05). According to histological examination kidney and lung injury scores were lower in BR and BI/BR groups compared to control group ( p < 0.01 and p < 0.001, respectively).

Conclusion

The study showed that fucoidin is effective in preventing kidney and lung injury if administered before reperfusion or both before ischemia and reperfusion. However, it has no effect if administered only before ischemia.

Keywords

fucoidinischemia reperfusionabdominal aortakidney injurylung injuryremote organ injury