Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is an acute and severe neurological condition characterized by typical clinical and neuroradiological symptoms. Typical clinic symptoms include headache, confusion, nausea and vomiting, mental and visual alterations. Although PRES is not a complication of spinal anesthesia, it can be commonly confused with dural puncture headache that develops after spinal anesthesia. Our patient was diagnosed with PRES following a dural puncture and spinal anesthesia for cesarean section. PRES is a condition that needs multidisciplinary approach and that can heal without any sequelae.