Synthesis of new boron derived compounds; antican-cer, antioxidant and antimicrobial effect in vitro glio-blastoma tumor model


Koldemir-Gündüz M. , Aydin H. E. , Berikten D. , Kaymak G. , Köse D. A. , ARSLANTAŞ A.

Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society, vol.64, no.6, pp.864-872, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 64 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.3340/jkns.2021.0032
  • Title of Journal : Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
  • Page Numbers: pp.864-872
  • Keywords: Anticancer, Antimicrobial activities, Boron glycine diester, Boron glycine monoester, Cytotoxicity, Glioblastoma

Abstract

© 2021 The Korean Neurosurgical Society.Objective: The aim of our study is to investigate the cytotoxic, antioxidant, and antimicrobial effects of newly synthesized boron compounds in U87MG glioblastoma cell treatment. Methods: We synthesized boron glycine monoester (BGM) and boron glycine diester (BGD) structures containing boron atoms and determined their cytotoxic activities on glioblastoma by the MTT method. The inhibitory concentration 50 (IC50) value was calculated with GraphPad Prism 5.0 program. The IC50 values were administered 48 hours on U87MG glioblastoma cell. Catalase (CAT), acid phosphatase (ACP) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) enzyme activity, malondialdehyde (MDA), total glutathione (GSH), and total protein levels were detected using spectrophotometric methods. We determined the antimicrobial activities of BGM and BGD with the disc diffusion method. Results: After 48 hours of BGM and BGD application to U87MG glioblastoma cells, we found the IC50 value as 6.6 mM and 26 mM, respectively. CAT and ACP enzyme activities were decreased in BGM and BGD groups. MDA which is a metabolite of lipid peroxidation was increased in both boron compounds groups. GSH level was reduced especially in BGD group. BGM and BGD have been found to be antimicrobial effects. Conclusion: Boron compounds, especially the BGM, can provide a new therapeutic approach for the treatment of glioblastoma with their anticancer, antioxidant, and antimicrobial effects.