Does Sertraline Affect Hypothalamic Food Intake Peptides in the Rat Experimental Model of Chronic Mild Stress-Induced Depression?


Solak H., Gormus Z. I. S. , Koca R. O. , Gunes C. E. , Kutlu S.

NEUROCHEMICAL RESEARCH, vol.47, no.5, pp.1299-1316, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 47 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11064-022-03529-9
  • Journal Name: NEUROCHEMICAL RESEARCH
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.1299-1316
  • Keywords: Hypothalamus, Chronic mild stress, Depression, Sertraline, Food intake peptides, Rat, FIBROBLAST GROWTH-FACTORS, HIPPOCAMPAL NEUROGENESIS, RESTRAINT STRESS, ANIMAL-MODELS, BRAIN, SEROTONIN, GLUCOSE, EXPRESSION, BEHAVIORS, TANYCYTES
  • Kütahya Health Sciences University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Depression is a chronic, recurrent and life-threatening disease affecting approximately 15% of the world population. Depression is responsible for neuropathologies like decreased neurogenesis and increased dendritic atrophy. Antidepressant treatments increase hippocampal neurogenesis and neurotrophic factor expression. Based on this information, it was aimed to investigate effect of sertraline on depression in rats with chronic mild stress (CMS) model and to determine how it affects cell proliferation and hypothalamic peptide levels in hypothalamus. 56 adult male Wistar albino; control, depression(D), depression + sertraline, sertraline were divided into groups. Various stressors were applied to D for 30 days. Open field test (OFT) and forced swimming test (FST) were conducted to check whether the animals were depressed. On the 16th day osmotic minipump was placed subcutaneously and sertraline (10 mg/kg/day) was administered for 15 days. Behavior tests were done. Hypothalamic peptide gene expression levels were analyzed by quantitative RT-PCR. Statistical evaluations were made using ANOVA. It caused a decrease in the percentage of movement in the D and control groups in the OFT, an increase in the immobility time in the D group in the FST, and an increase in the swimming behavior in the DS group. Animals did not show any anxiological behavior based on the elevated plus maze test results. CMS caused a decrease in GLUT2 and NPY gene expression in the hypothalamus of animals, an increase in POMC and FGFR2, and an increase in IGFIR and GLUT2 gene expression in the DS group. Sertraline has been shown to ameliorate the effects of CMS-induced depression. Sertraline is thought to have a positive regulatory effect on both the formation of neural precursor cells and the survival of newly formed neurons in the hypothalamus. Newly formed neurons in the hypothalamus express food intake-related NPY, POMC, GLUT2 neurons, and thus hypothalamic tanycytes may play a key role in the control of energy metabolism.