Current Opinion In Biotechnology, vol.22, no.1, pp.90, 2011 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded)
The purpose of this study was to collect and isolate filamentous fungi from hot spring water of different regions of Kütahya province and screening of microorganisms with potential to produce lipase, amylase, cellulase, phytase, protease. We were carried the isolation of filamentous fungi from hot water samples by using the membrane filtration method at 45°C. Isolates were tested for temperature. Macroscopic and microscopic properties of fungi isolates is examined and they were identified microscopically to genus and species level with traditional methods using diagnostic literatures. And carbohydrate tests of the isolates were done by biolog microstation system. The screening of fungi that produce extracellular lipase, amylase, cellulase, phytase, protease was carried out in Petri dishes or tubes using specific mediums for different enzymes. Fifteen microfungi isolates were obtained from five different water samples. Applied temperature tests were revealed that these molds are thermotolerant. The fungi were identified as Aspergillus terreus, Rhizomucor pussillus, Myriococcum albomyces, Aspergillus fumigatus, Aspergillus flavus, Humicola sp. After the screening for enzyme production, it determined that all isolates produce lipase, all isolates except Humicola sp. produce amylase, A. terreus, A. fumigatus, Rhizomucor pussillus, Humicola sp. produce phytase and some of them produce cellulase, protease.