Objective: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic systemic disease. The risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality is high in patients with RA. Heart rate turbulence (HRT) expresses ventriculophasic sinus arrhythmia and has been considered to reflect cardiac autonomic activity. It has been shown that HRT is an independent and powerful predictor of mortality. The aim of this study is to determine if HRT changes in patients with RA in comparison with the healthy controls.