TAIWANESE JOURNAL OF OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY, vol.60, no.6, pp.1059-1065, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded)
DIE tissue of 24 cases, endometrioma of 30 cases and normal endometrial tissues of 30 cases were examined. T-cadherin, E-cadherin, ER-α and PR-α staining levels of DIE, endometrioma tissues and endometrial tissues were compared immunohistochemically. H-score was calculated to compare the expression of T-cadherin, E-cadherin, ER-α, PR-α in IHC staining based on the percentage of cells stained at each intensity level.
T-cadherin, E-cadherin, ER and PR H-score were found lowest in DIE tissue and the highest in endometrial tissue (p < 0.0001, <0.0001, <0.0001 and < 0.0001, respectively). In correlation analysis, a positive correlation was found between T-cadherin, E-cadherin, PR and ER H-score (p < 0.0001 for each). No correlation was found between age, body mass index (BMI), visual analog scale (VAS) score, CA125, endometrioma size and the severity of dysmenorrhea, dyspareunia and dystonia (p > 0.05).
T-cadherin, E-cadherin, ER and PR H-score were found lowest in DIE tissue, the highest in endometrium tissue. The finding of lower expression of PR-α in endometriotic nodule in our study may be related to decrease in progesterone effect which could not inhibit the decrease in the expression of T-cadherin and E-cadherin, thus the invasiveness of DIE tissue. These findings suggest that DIE tissue and ovarian endometrioma tissues have a different biology.