TAIWANESE JOURNAL OF OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY, vol.60, no.6, pp.1059-1065, 2021 (SCI-Expanded)
To compare the T-cadherin, E-cadherin, PR and ER staining levels of deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE) tissue, ovarian endometriomas and normal endometrial tissues.
DIE tissue of 24 cases, endometrioma of 30 cases and normal endometrial tissues of 30 cases were examined. T-cadherin, E-cadherin, ER-α and PR-α staining levels of DIE, endometrioma tissues and endometrial tissues were compared immunohistochemically. H-score was calculated to compare the expression of T-cadherin, E-cadherin, ER-α, PR-α in IHC staining based on the percentage of cells stained at each intensity level.
T-cadherin, E-cadherin, ER and PR H-score were found lowest in DIE tissue and the highest in endometrial tissue (p < 0.0001, <0.0001, <0.0001 and < 0.0001, respectively). In correlation analysis, a positive correlation was found between T-cadherin, E-cadherin, PR and ER H-score (p < 0.0001 for each). No correlation was found between age, body mass index (BMI), visual analog scale (VAS) score, CA125, endometrioma size and the severity of dysmenorrhea, dyspareunia and dystonia (p > 0.05).
T-cadherin, E-cadherin, ER and PR H-score were found lowest in DIE tissue, the highest in endometrium tissue. The finding of lower expression of PR-α in endometriotic nodule in our study may be related to decrease in progesterone effect which could not inhibit the decrease in the expression of T-cadherin and E-cadherin, thus the invasiveness of DIE tissue. These findings suggest that DIE tissue and ovarian endometrioma tissues have a different biology.