Background: Essential hypertension (EH) is defined as a worldwide public health problem and one of the important risk factors for development of human coronary artery disease. Increased peripheral arterial resistance is one of the distinguishing characteristics of EH. The extracellular deposition of calcium in the arterial wall is defined as vascular calcification, which results in aortic stiffness and elevation of blood pressure. Regulation of vascular calcification is physiologically limited by gamma-carboxylated proteins that regulate mineralization. Any deficiencies related to mineralization influence vascular calcification. As a result of vitamin-K deficiency or any problem associated with the vitamin K epOxide reductase complex subunit 1 (VKORC1) gene, Glu cannot be transformed to Gla and calcification initiates in blood vessels, myocardium, and cardiac.