Aim: We sought to evaluate the information, attitude, and behaviors toward organ donation among health workers in the eastern Black Sea region of Turkey. Method: This descriptive study was performed between December 2008 and November 2009. It involved 1,545 health personnel in 8 state hospitals in the eastern Black Sea region of Turkey, excluding the university hospitals in the towns of Trabzon, Rize, Gmhane, and Giresun. Educational seminars regarding organ transplantation and donation were arranged for the hospitals in the study. Questionnaires on the subject distributed to the participants were collected before the seminars began. They contained questions about occupation, gender, age, previous organ donation, whether the person would consider donating if they had not already volunteered (if not, the reasons why), whether any relatives had volunteered to donate organs, whether anyone close to them had volunteered to donate organs, whether they would donate organs in the event of a relative's death, and what they might think if they were to require an organ transplant. Following the seminars, participants were given the opportunity to obtain organ donation cards from a stand on site. Data were analyzed using the chi-square test. Results: Eighty-one participants (5.2%), including 46 women (5.2%) and 35 men (5.3%), had previously officially volunteered to donate organs (P = .875). One hundred thirty-seven health personnel were willing to donate organs by visiting the donation stand after the seminars. The main reasons for participants who had not volunteered to donate organs failing to do so were lack of information about donation and procedures (28.4%), lack of interest in the subject (23.2%), and Islamic religious beliefs and/or traditions (19.6%). One hundred eighty health personnel (11.7%) had family members or relatives who had volunteered to donate organs. Asked whether they would donate that person's organs in the event of the death of a relative, 93 doctors (67.6%), 225 nonphysician health personnel (41.1%), and 345 other participants (43.1%) stated that they would not (P < .0005). Conclusions: Health workers play a key role to overcome the difficulties encountered regarding organ donation. This study showed the need for constant effective education seminars to enhance knowledge and sensitivity on the part of health workers. © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.