Reference values for maternal total and differential leukocyte counts in different trimesters of pregnancy and the initial postpartum period in western Turkey


Sanci M., Toz E., Ince O. , Ozcan A., Polater K., Inan A. H. , ...Daha Fazla

JOURNAL OF OBSTETRICS AND GYNAECOLOGY, cilt.37, ss.571-575, 2017 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 37 Konu: 5
  • Basım Tarihi: 2017
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1080/01443615.2016.1268575
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF OBSTETRICS AND GYNAECOLOGY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.571-575

Özet

The aim of this study was to investigate alterations in the leukocyte and differential leukocyte counts in different trimesters of pregnancy and the initial postpartum period. The study population consisted of 40,325 pregnant women. A full blood count and automated differential leukocyte count were performed and all the haemogram results in the different trimesters of pregnancy were recorded. Percentiles were calculated using statistical software. A total of 82,786 complete blood count evaluations were performed in 40,325 subjects from the 6th to 41st week of pregnancy and in the initial postpartum period. The leukocyte counts increased from the 1st to the 3rd trimester and peaked in the initial postpartum period. Our reference values for the total and differential leukocyte counts may assist clinicians in distinguishing between leukocytosis and pathological elevation of the white blood cell count during pregnancy and the initial postpartum period.Impact statementPregnancy requires profound adaptation by multiple systems to accommodate the demands of the developing foetus.Similar to all other systems, many haematological changes occur during pregnancy.Studies of normal variation in leukocyte counts were insufficient to distinguish normal from abnormal leukocyte counts during pregnancy and in the initial postpartum period, due to small numbers of patients and a lack of differential leukocyte counts.Without reference leukocyte levels, infections may be more difficult to assess during pregnancy and in the postpartum period.In this study, we report the 3rd, 5th, 10th, 50th, 95th and 99th percentile values for the total and differential leukocyte counts according to trimester in normal pregnancy and the initial postpartum period.Our reference values for the total and differential leukocyte counts in each trimester and the initial postpartum period may assist clinicians in distinguishing between normal leukocytosis and pathological elevation of the white blood cell count during pregnancy and the initial postpartum period.Our results may prevent misdiagnosis of physiological elevated leukocytes as bacterial infection that leads to unnecessary medication use that may compromise the foetus.