A 59 year-old man was admitted as his left antecubital arterio-venous fistula was thrombosed, and hemodialysis could not be succeeded for the last two sessions. It was a brachio-basilic fistula without transposition, which also required thrombectomy 8 months ago, and had been created 18 months before. He had multiple catheter insertions during the period of 6 years. Following the failed catheter insertions from both jugular and femoral veins, an ultrasound-guided venography via the left popliteal vein demonstrated the intact left popliteal and femoral vein with well-developed collaterals at the level of occluded left iliac vein. A temporary hemodialysis catheter was placed through the popliteal vein with an antegrade manner under ultrasound guidance in prone position, which effectively worked during hemodialysis sessions afterwards. Transposition of basilic vein was performed. Following the wound recovery, arterialized basilic vein has started to be used effectively for hemodialysis, and the popliteal catheter was displaced.