The Effects of Cannabinoid Agonist, Heat Shock Protein 90 and Nitric Oxide Synthase Inhibitors on Increasing IL-13 and IL-31 Levels in Chronic Pruritus

Todurga Seven Z. G., Çakır Gündoğdu A., Ozyurt R., Özyazgan S.

IMMUNOLOGICAL INVESTIGATIONS, vol.51, no.7, pp.1938-1949, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 51 Issue: 7
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/08820139.2022.2083973
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.1938-1949
  • Keywords: Cannabinoid, chronic itch, hsp90, IL-13, IL-31, INVOLVEMENT, CYTOKINE
  • Kütahya Health Sciences University Affiliated: Yes


Background Heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) inhibitor and cannabinoid agonists ameliorate dry skin-induced chronic itch. We have recently reported that cannabinoids, hsp90 and nitric oxide (NO) are involved in dry skin-induced itch. Here, we investigated the contribution of the Th2 cell signaling pathway to the antipruritic effect of the hsp90 inhibitor 17-Alilamino-17-demethoxygeldanamycin (17-AAG), nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitor N omega-Nitro-L-arginine methyl ester hydrochloride (L-NAME) and cannabinoid agonist WIN 55,212-2 on a dry skin-induced scratch. Methods Dry skin-induced chronic itching was created by topical application of AEW (acetone/diethyl ether/water). WIN 55,212-2 (1 mg/kg, i.p.), L-NAME (1 mg/kg, i.p.) and increasing doses of 17-AAG (1, 3 and 5 mg/kg,i.p.) were administered to Balb/c mice (for each group, n = 6). After these applications, skin tissues were taken from the nape region of all of the mice. Gene and protein expressions of IL-13 and IL-31 were evaluated in skin tissues by RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry, respectively. Results IL-13 and IL-31 mRNA expressions and immune positive cell counts were increased in the AEW applied groups. WIN 55,212-2 reduced both of the increased cytokines levels, while L-NAME decreased only the IL-13. 17-AAG dose-dependently reduced the increased cytokine levels. IL-13 and IL-31 levels significantly decreased following the co-administration of these agents. Conclusion These results show that increased levels of IL-13 and IL-31 are associated with pruritus. Hsp90 inhibition and cannabinoid system activation may induce antipruritic effects through down-regulation of these cytokines.