A factor not to be ignored in post-COVID-19 erectile dysfunction; psychological effect, a prospective study


Sevim M., ALKIŞ O. , KARTAL İ. G. , Telli S., ARAS B.

ANDROLOGIA, 2022 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/and.14443
  • Title of Journal : ANDROLOGIA
  • Keywords: anxiety, COVID-19, depression, erectile dysfunction, SEXUAL HEALTH, COVID-19, LIFE, IMPACT, TIME

Abstract

It was aimed to show the effect of anxiety and depression on erectile dysfunction seen after coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19). Between March and July 2021, the participants completed the International Index of Erectile Function, Beck Depression Inventory and Generalised Anxiety Disorder 7 forms at the beginning and after the 1st month of the disease. We investigated the psychological impact of COVID-19 on the development of erectile dysfunction. The mean age of 156 male patients in the study was 54.74 +/- 8.01 years. It was determined that the mean International Index of Erectile Function scores of the patients before COVID-19 were 73.42 +/- 3.43 and decreased to 68.28 +/- 12.86 after COVID-19 (p < .01). The patients' erectile function scores were significantly lower after COVID-19 (29.45 +/- 1.23, 27.69 +/- 4.33, p < .01, respectively). Their Beck Depression Inventory scores were statistically significantly higher after COVID-19 (1.69 +/- 2.56, 2.22 +/- 2.79, p < .01, respectively). Their Generalised Anxiety Disorder 7 scores were also statistically significantly higher after COVID-19 (4.69 +/- 1.63 6.56 +/- 2.40, p < .01, respectively). A negative correlation was found between the increase in the Beck Depression Inventory score during the pandemic process and the decrease in the International Index of Erectile Function score (r = -0.356, p = <.001). A negative correlation was also found between the increase in the Generalised Anxiety Disorder 7 score and the decrease in the International Index of Erectile Function score (r = -0.200, p = .012). One of the main factors post-COVID-19 erectile dysfunction is anxiety and depression due to the disease.